Guru Har Krishan

Guru Har Krishan 17 July 1656 – 9 April 1664) was the eighth of the Sikh Gurus. At the age of 5, he became the youngest guru in Sikhism on 7 October 1661, succeeding his father, Guru Har Rai Ji. He contracted smallpox in 1664 and died before reaching his 8th birthday.

He is also known as Bal Guru (Bal Guru), and is sometimes referred to as Hari Krishna Sahib in Sikh literature. He is remembered in the Sikh tradition for saying “Baba Bakale” before dying, which was interpreted by the Sikhs to identify his grandfather Guru Tegh Bahadur as the next heir. Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji had the shortest reign as Guru, only 2 years, 5 months and 24 days.


Har Krishna was born to Krishna Devi (Mata Sulakhani) and Guru Har Rai in Kiratpur (Shivalik Hills) of the northwest Indian subcontinent. His father, Guru Har Rai, influenced Aurangzeb, influenced by the orthodox Sunni, rather than influencing the liberal Sufi from Dara Shikoh, as the two brothers entered a succession battle on the throne of the Mughal Empire. Later Aurangzeb won the succession war in 1658, he summoned Guru Har Rai. To explain his support for Dara Shikoh, executed 1660. Guru Har Rai sent his elder son Baba Ram Rai to represent him. Aurangzeb held 13-year-old Ram Rai hostage, asking Ram Rai about a verse in the Adi Granth – the holy book of Sikhs. Aurangzeb claimed that this humiliated the Muslims. Ram Rai changed the verse to please Aurangzeb instead of standing by the Sikh scripture, an act for which Guru Har Rai boycotted his elder son, and younger Har Krishna as the next Guru of Sikhism Nominated to succeed. .

Aurangzeb rewarded Ram Rai with a land grant in the Dehradun region of the Himalayas. A few years after Guru Har Krishan played the role of a Sikh leader, Aurangzeb summoned the young Guru to his court with a clear plan to replace him with his elder brother Ram Rai as a Sikh Guru. However, Guru Har Krishan contracted smallpox when he arrived in Delhi and his meeting with Aurangzeb was canceled. On his death, Har Krishna said, “Baba Bakale”, and died in 1664. The Sikh religious organization interpreted the words as meaning that the next Guru is to be found in the village of Bakle, which he identified as Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru. Of Sikhism.

Authentic literature is rare and not well recorded, with more details about the life and times of Guru Har Krishan. Some autobiographies about Guru Har Krishan, particularly who his mother was, were written by Kesar Singh Chhibber in the 18th century, as well as in the 19th century, and are highly inconsistent.

Guru ji to Delhi
Guru ji and Mughal intervention

Emperor Aurangzeb was not pleased to hear about the rising popularity of Guru Har Krishan. He told the young Guru to go to his durbar (durbar) in Delhi as he did with his father, Guru Har Rai. At the behest of Aurangzeb, his father sent his elder son Ram Rai to the Emperor’s court instead of going to Delhi himself.
Before his death, Guru Har Rai, aware that Aurangzeb liked Rama Rai as the next Guru of the Sikhs, cautioned his son to never meet Aurangzeb. When a servant of Raja Jai ​​Singh of Amber arrived with the request of the emperor, Guru Har Krishan consulted with his superior Sikhs. With trembling hands he replied, “We are your servants, Lord. With your knowledge of the ‘three worlds’, you know best.” Guru Har Krishan summoned the messenger, announcing his decision and said that he would take him with him to Delhi. Traveling to Delhi, Guru Har Krishan traveled through Ropar, Banur and Ambala, often stopping to meet the crowds of his disciples, who had a chance to meet their new guru.

One illiterate remembers well

When the Guru was near Panjokhara, a Sikh politely said, “The confluence is coming from Peshawar, Kabul and Kashmir. Stop here one day so that they get a chance to see you, Master.” The Guru agreed. In that village there lived a Pandit, Lal Chand, who was proud of his caste as well as his learning. He came to see the Guru and said to Tapak: “It is said that you sit on the throne of Guru Nanak ji. But what do you know about old religious books?” Listening to the Pandit, Siri Guru Harkishan Sahib Ji said, “If I successfully interpret the Gita meanings, you will raise suspicion by saying that since I am from a rich and resourceful family, I learned the meaning from scholars Will. That way you will remain faithless, that is, you will not get faith. Therefore, the first thing is that you should go to your city and look for someone. Someone who is very stupid, very ignorant and calls him immediately to our court. Whatever questions you have about Geeta, she will answer them for you. Pundit was less proud after listening to Satguru ji’s amritamayi words. He went to the city and looked for the most foolish, house to house.

In the end he found a man he thought was ideal for the situation. The person was a deaf and dumb, completely illiterate and poor, who was called Chajju Ram. He was a very foolish who could not speak. In order to earn his bread, he employed little employment. Clothes were torn on it. Let alone get him any education, he had not seen anyone while studying. It was unknown to him.

He was brought to the court of Siri Guru Ji. The Pandit was overjoyed thinking that the foolish person, Chajju Ram, would never be able to speak, let alone perform any translation of the Gita. Siri Guru ji immediately caught the idea of ​​Pandit and looked at the poor and uneducated Chhajju Ram with an “auspicious direction” (eye of grace) and placed a stick (stick) on his forehead, with a smile on his face (Chajju Ram’s ), All divine wisdom settled in the heart of the foolish man, Chhajju. The first thing was that Chhajju Ram’s face began to reflect the inner wisdom that he had gained. His face started glowing. He was then able to speak.

Pandit asked Geeta to translate the most difficult Saloka. Chhajju Ram spontaneously translated Salok the most. Such was the translation that Pandit had never heard such words before. He was surprised. He could not believe his ears. He asked a few more questions but was again too surprised to say anything else. He was overtaken with immense humility. His hands bent. He went ahead and bowed before Siri Guru Harkishen Ji. With extreme humility, he pleaded: I have felt that your greatness is unmatched. You are Siri Guru Harkishan Siri Krishna to me. Deliver me from the ocean of this world. have mercy on me. In this way, Lal Chand’s pride vanished. He politely fell at the Guru’s feet. Both people became disciples of the Guru and traveled with him to Kurukshetra. Lal Chand became Lal Singh by taking Pahul and was one of the Sikhs who fought with Guru Govind Singh at the Battle of Chamkaur on 7 December 1705, where he fell as a martyr.

Guru ji in Delhi

When Guru Sahib reached Delhi, he was greeted with great enthusiasm and full respect by Mirza Raja Jai ​​Singh and the Sikhs of Delhi. Guru Sahib was kept in the palace of Raja Jai ​​Singh. People from all walks of life flocked the palace for a glimpse (darshan) of Guru Harkishan Sahib. Some historians have mentioned that Prince Muzam also paid a visit.

In Delhi, Guru Har Krishan worked in Raja Jai ​​Singh’s bungalow, now the site of Gurdwara Bangla Sahib. The house was a huge “one designed to suit all seasons of the year.” Sikh Gurus from Delhi started coming in groups to watch. They came to sing holy songs and brought prasad with them. According to Guru Keen Sakhian, Guru Har Krishna visited Chet Sudi Nami, 1721 Bk / March 25, 1664 at the Emperor’s court.

As Mahima Prakash says, the emperor planned a trial. He had two large trays for the Guru. One of them displayed jewelery, clothes and toys. In the second was the cloak and cowl of a holy man. Both were presented to Guru Har Krishan. He rejects Trey with jewels and clothes, and accepts a cloak. The emperor was convinced of his holiness. He thought he would invite her again and show her a miracle.Guru Har Krishan guessed what the emperor had in mind. He told himself that he would not see her face again. He believed that no one should attempt the mirage and try to spoil the law of God. Guru Har Krishna knew how his father punished his elder brother Ram Rai for performing tricks in Aurangzeb’s court.

Guru Ji and Rani

To test the intelligence of the Guru, in which everyone spoke highly, Raja Jai ​​Singh requested Guru Sahib to identify the real queen from the equal and well-groomed women around Guru Sahib. The Guru once dressed a woman as a maid and sat on her lap. This woman was the real queen. There are many different stories in some other Sikh accounts relating to the mental capacity of Guru Sahib.

The queen had prepared one of her tests. She asked her husband Jai Singh to bring the Guru to the ladies’ house. The Guru accepted the invitation. At the entrance to the palace’s interior apartments, he was received with due respect by the king’s servants. As she stepped inside, the women, in their expensive jewels and clothes, paid obeisance to the devotees and she walked past, accepting their greetings. As soon as he came to the thick house of a maid wearing a cloth, he stopped and said, You are the queen. Why should you dress yourself in a maid’s suit? “The queen bowed her head in tribute. In no time Guru Har Krishan Sahib with his fraternity gained more and more followers in the capital along with the general public.

Guru Ji and Small Pox

At that time, severe epidemics of cholera and smallpox were spreading in Delhi. The young gurus began to disparage the victims from their caste and sect. In particular, the local Muslim population was so impressed with Guru Sahib’s pure human works that he gave him the nickname Bala Pir (Bal Nabi). Even Aurangzeb did not try to upset Guru Har Krishan Sahib by sensing the situation, but on the other hand he never rejected Ram Rai’s claim.

Guru Sahib himself had high fever, serving day and night to those suffering from the epidemic. One day Guru Har Krishan suddenly got fever. The fever turned out to be the start of an attack of smallpox, which confined him to bed for several days. The Guru’s soft body was devastated by the disease. Saddened by this turn of events, the mother of the Guru, Mata Sulakhani said:

“Son, you occupy the throne of Guru Nanak, you are going to remove the sufferings and sufferings of the world. Your vision takes away the ills of others, so why do you get sick now?”

Guru Har Krishna replied, “He who has taken this mortal frame must pass through sickness and sickness. Both happiness and sorrow are part of life. It must be what it is. It is what Guru Nanak has taught. Anything he does is his command. ” He should walk according to his command. “

Guru Har Krishna took himself from the house of Mirza Raja Jai ​​Singh to a camp planted on the banks of the Jamuna. The Sikhs wondered why the Guru had to suffer in this way. Why was it dark around the sun? He was in despair and wondered who would take the throne after him. Guru Har Krishna, as Shri Guru Pratap Suraj Granth says, instructed him in this way:

“The Gurgaddi, the throne of Guru Nanak, is eternal. It is everlasting and it will honor. Granth is the Lord of all. He who wants to see me, let him see the book with faith and love. So will he all shed. Sin. He who wishes to speak with the Guru will allow him to read the book with devotion. He who practices his teachings will receive all the four padaraths (4 most cherished things) of human life. He who without faith Is, but very little. Nobody lives forever in this world. The body is mortal. The Guru’s spirit is followed in the scripture. Daily bow him his head. So do you conquer your passion? Will do and attain salvation. “

Sikhs were filled with tears as they listened like the Guru’s last words. Then mother Sulakhani came forward. With a tear in her eye, she said, “How will I be without you, son? I was blessed when I met the heavenly Guru in this family. I was blessed at the time of your birth. Now I have fallen into a bottomless ocean Am. ” This is very sad. Who will be my defender? How does a fish live apart from water? “” The body is perishable, “Guru Har Krishna said.” As you learn to believe in the will of God, you will gain selflessness. Eternal peace will be yours. “

Today the Gurdwara Bangla Sahib of Delhi was built by Sardar Baghel Singh, the Sikh Sardar Baghel Singh, who lived in the vicinity of Raja Jai ​​Singh’s princely mansion, where Guru Harkrishna Ji stayed in Delhi during this period.

The Guru’s physical departure

Guru Har Krishna physical body died from this planet on Saturday 16 April 1664. He was cremated at Bala Sahib Gurdwara, the present site of this gurudwara. This was the place where he camped to take care of the sick and afflicted poverty stricken people of Delhi. He was long remembered by Muslims as “Bala Pir” and by Hindus as “Balamukand”. In his Mangalacharan prayer (Ardas), written by Guru Gobind Singh, Sikhs repeat these words daily, “Thoughts on Guru Harkishan, whose vision of the divine personality takes away all sorrows and sufferings.”

According to Guru Keen Sakhiyan, Mata Bassi, grandmother asked brother Gurdas of Bhai Bahilo’s family to start reciting the holy book in his memory. Dargah Mall and Munshi Kalyan Das were sent to Punjab with condolence news. He first went to Kiratpur to inform Bibi Roop Kaur, sister of Guru Har Krishna. The next day, they set out for Bakala to inform Tej Bahadur (future Guru Tegh Bahadur) of his brother’s death. While living in Delhi, he had met Guru Har Krishna and now his death was reported.

Diwan Dargah Mall and Munshi Kalyan Das stayed in Bakala for three days before returning to Delhi. According to an entry in the Bhatt Vahi Taluda Pargana Jind, the ashes were taken from Delhi to Kiratpur where they were mixed with Sutlej water. The original entry is translated below:

“Sangat, son of Binna Uppal of Amb Mari, Maur of Pargana Mian, Nanu Ram, son of Bagha, Mohalla Dilwali, Calico-printer of Jaggu of Delhi, Son of Padma, Dugurji, Pargana Sodhra, and Dariya, son. Mulla, Alipur Pargana of Shamli took the ashes of Guru Har Krishna from Multan, Delhi, and arrived at Kiratpur in Pargana Kahlur, on the 11th day of the month of Bhadas, 1721 Bk / Saturday, 16 April 1664. The ashes were immersed in the Sutlej River. Karaprasad delivered. “

Baba Bakala

Shortly before his death, realizing the seriousness of the situation, Guru Har Krishna called his mother and told her that his end was coming to a close. When the name of his successor was asked, he only pronounced ‘Baba Bakala’. Regarding his accent, many see himself as the next Sikh Guru of Bakula village. However, at that time, the future (Guru) Tegh Bahadur Sahib was living in village Bakala near Beas River in Punjab province.

At the last moment, Guru Har Krishan Sahib wished that no one mourned him after his death and instructed to sing the praises of Gurbani. Thus ‘Bala Pir’ died on the Chet Sudi 14, (III Vaishakh), Bikram Samvat 1721, (Saturday, 16 April 1664) with the word “Waheguru” gradually coming to an end. The tenth Nanak, Guru Govind Singh Sahib, while paying homage to Guru Harkishan Sahib, said, “Vara Sri Bhagoti Ji’s” … “Think of the holy Harikrishna, whose vision removes all sorrows …

Mother Sulakhani’s heart was awakened to the truth and she felt herself free from her worldly chains. Guru Har Krishna was in a critical state. Yet he did not fail to fulfill his important responsibility before leaving the mortal world. In his final moments, he was able to nominate his successor. He asked to bring formal marks of succession. But everyone could say “Baba Bakale.” He meant that the next Guru would meet in the city of Bakala. This reference to Tegh Bahadur was unquestionable.

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